Acne is an inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous follicles that affects over 80% of adults and is particularly common in adolescents. Generally, these follicles are located on the face, but they can also appear on the back and upper part of the trunk.
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Acne is said to be “active” when there is presence of comedones, inflammatory papules, and pustules, also known as pimples, on the surface of the skin.
What Are the Main Causes Of Acne?
Active acne is usually caused by different factors, but the most prevalent causes are;
- Clogged pores (dead skin cells and oil)
- Excess hormonal activity (androgens) leading to an increase in sebum production
- Excess oil production
- Acne bacteria
It is extremely important to know how acne occurs so that you can take the necessary steps to eradicate and even prevent it.
How Does Acne Form?
To give you an idea of how pimples appear, you need to know that the skin contains sebaceous glands. These glands produce oil that your skin needs to function properly. But sometimes, the sebaceous glands produce excess oil due to hormonal changes, poor diet, and stress. As a result, the skin pores become clogged with a “plug” from a mixture of sebum and dead skin cells. When this happens, then acne develops.
The production of sebum under the plug of the closed sebaceous duct is an ideal breeding ground for bacteria (propionic acne bacteria). The rapid growth of the bacterial population leads to the development of inflammation, which can manifest itself on the skin in the form of small pimples to huge purulent pimples.
It is important to know that there is usually a hereditary influence on the appearance of acne. The likelihood of teenage pimples is higher in children of parents who have had or are suffering from acne. And you should expect the development of a serious form of teenage acne if both parents suffered from the problem.
Where Does Acne Typically Appear?
Acne can develop in any part of the body where sebaceous follicles are present, but they more commonly appear on the:
What Are the Treatments For Acne?
It’s important for you to know that while there are certain acne remedies and products that work wonders, there are others that can harm your skin. Due to hormonal changes, it is difficult to prevent acne in teenagers. If you are a teenager, you can reduce the appearance of acne by eating a healthy diet and manage stress effectively. If you are an adult with a healthy lifestyle, you can prevent acne from occurring.
If the acne is a mild form, some topical over the counter medications can be used, especially if they contain azelaic acid and salicylic acid or are retinoids and retinoid-like drugs. Antibiotics and Dapsone can also be employed based on the severity of the acne.
At deRMA Skin Institute, we are focused on providing you with a personalized solution to all forms of acne, either mild or full-blown. We employ topical medications in combination with oral medications and can create a custom treatment just for you to eradicate your acne. Please call (519) 836-8558 or request a consultation online with one of our board-certified dermatologists today.
It is usually advisable to visit a clinic if your acne condition has not improved in a period of about 6 weeks after the start of over-the-counter oral or topical medication.